TEHRAN (Basirat)- The vacuum of power or the presence of failed states and the vacuum of ideology or the absence of an inclusive interpretation of Islam are the two major problems facing the policy of “regional balance of power”, which has made the region insecure and terrorist-infested.
The vacuum of power or the presence of failed states and the vacuum of ideology or the absence of an inclusive interpretation of Islam are the two major problems facing the policy of "regional balance of power”, which has made the region insecure and terrorist-infested.By Hassan MolaeiThe 100th anniversary of the Sykes-Picot agreement came on May 19, marking a century that helped shaped a new Middle East map and set the boundaries of what became countries like Iraq, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Lebanon in the region. The Middle East has been on the verge of a new Sykes-Picot agreement due to the direct and indirect meddling of foreign powers since the emergence of the Islamic Awakening in 2011.
During the past century, these countries have failed to develop a national interpretation of a government and for this reason resorting to imported ideologies like socialism and Pan Arabism in the Arab world has created a division between governments’ and the Islamic community’s identities. In other words, the Middle Eastern governments have always had two paradoxical performances, namely security and anti-security. It means they provided security of a society via crackdown and intimidation. Therefore, most of the powerful governments turned into totalitarian and despotic ones and launched clampdown on people under the auspices of socialism, Pan Arabism and reliance on the West.
So the 2011 developments could be a turning point in developing a new interpretation of a government based on indigenous identity and the origins ofpolitical power. An interpretation which both recognizes identity, religious, political and social rights of a society and provides the security and freedom forits citizens as a powerful and popular government.
But this matter has faced two major obstacles: On one hand the meddling of foreign powers like the US and the Zionist regime, which are against the establishment of all popular, sovereign, and powerful governments with an Islamic identitysince Washington is looking for those weak states which are founded upon ethnicity so that it can easily manage them in the future. On the other hand, is the historical fear of these nations to establish a powerful government, which could help such intervening efforts to push ahead.
Therefore, it seems that redirection of popular revolutions to ethnic and identity-
related tensions in an attempt to prepare the ground for potential power-sharing deals between different ethnic groups using weak states is a plot orchestrated for a new Sykes-Picot agreement, which is being followed by trans-regional powers. A deal which this time instead of focusing on sharing lands will focus on sharing power in the countries it shaped 100 years ago based on the interests of the trans-regional states.
Ethnic-religious balance in Arab governments after the Islamic Awakening was a policy which the Westerners, the US in particular as the most influential trans-regional power, developed in order to prevent the formation of an inclusive political Islam as well as powerful grassrootsor popular governments. The main reason behind this move was to create a balance of power at the regional level and also contain the Islamic Republic’s influence in the region.
This issue, which has paved the way for development of variousinterpretations of political Islam, has prepared the ground for growth and spread of the unbridled Takfiri-Salafi terrorism in the region like Daesh, al-Nusra Front, Ahrar al-Sham and al-Qaeda.
Therefore, the vacuum of power or the presence of failed states and the vacuum of ideology or the absence of an inclusive interpretation of Islam are the two major problems facing the policy of "regional balance of power”, which has made the region insecure and terrorist-infested.