We see how countries like Iran, Russia and China are seriously diversifying their foreign exchange reserves, increasing investments in other currencies, and switching to settlements in national currencies among themselves. The main task is to reduce their dependence on the world's main reserve currency – the US dollar.
Why are more and more countries striving to switch to settlements in national currencies? Perhaps the most active participant in the process of de-dollarization is Russia. According to the Kremlin's calculations, the de-dollarization process has achieved significant success within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union – 72 percent of settlements are carried out in national currencies.
However, it is important to note that the process of de-dollarization has gained even greater momentum with the onset of the trade war between the United States and China. Today, some countries are taking real practical steps to reduce dependence on the dollar.
In this regard, it is appropriate to recall the interesting proposal by the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev, voiced in November 2019 at a meeting of the SCO Council of Heads of Government in Tashkent. He invited Russia's allies to develop mechanisms for switching to settlements in national currencies among the countries of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and invited SCO financiers and banking experts to participate in a round table on this topic in Moscow.
The process of de-dollarization in settlements between Russia and China is also gaining momentum. On June 28, 2019, the countries agreed to switch to trade in national currencies. First, the ruble and yuan will be used by large companies with state participation, such as producers of energy resources and agricultural products.
Another country - Iran, together with Russia, is switching to settlement in national currencies. The central banks of Russia and Iran have concluded an agreement on settlements in national currencies under arms contracts. Now both parties are working on the issue of switching to settlement in national currencies when making international transactions.
Previously, India was also very restrained in such a matter, but now it is showing interest. The reason for this was the fact that in recent years, relations between India and the United States have not developed in the best way.
First, Trump terminated preferential trade status for India, which led to problems in foreign trade between the two countries, and then the US government rebuked India for the purchase of Russian S-400 air defense systems. Today, Russia, China and India are united against the dollar and have come up with a way to organize settlements in case of disconnection from SWIFT. As its analog, it is proposed to link the Chinese and Indian payment systems with the Russian financial message transfer system.
Besides, the Trump administration is constantly threatening to impose sanctions on its strategic ally, the European Union. Therefore, it is not surprising that some European countries are looking for ways to circumvent US sanctions so that their business with Russia, China and Iran does not suffer.
For example, the EU plans to expand cooperation with Russia in rubles and euros. In the summer of this year, the Russian Minister of Finance Anton Siluanov held talks with the Vice President of the European Commission for the Energy Union Maros Sefchovich. They agreed to create a working group to promote the issue of transferring mutual settlements into rubles and euros.
It seems that in England, a strategic ally of the United States, people gradually come to understand the need to abandon the dollar. Back in August of this year, the head of the Bank of England Mark Carney said that in order to stabilize the global financial system, it is necessary to abandon the dollar as a reserve currency and replace it with electronic means of payment, as trade wars adversely affect the global economy.
Indeed, trade and tariff wars have a negative effect on business around the world and the negative consequences of this are felt not only by direct, but also by indirect participants. The US is gradually losing its advantage and position in world markets. Trade, tariff wars, the application of sanctions by the US hinder the development of the countries themselves, and the world economy as a whole. In a multipolar world, a multipolar currency is needed. The only way out of this situation is negotiations and unity in purpose.